The list of adverbs in this material is intended for practicing spelling. The list includes adverbs frequently used in speech and writing, as well as less frequently used adverbs. The majority of the adverbs in the list are derivative adverbs formed with the help of the suffix LY.
Spelling examples in this material are divided into three main groups: (1) examples of simple, derivative and compound adverbs; (2) examples of how the suffix LY is added to final consonants and vowels; (3) examples of adverbs in which the suffix LY is added to main adjective suffixes. Typical examples of formation are given before each group of adverbs.
Список наречий в данном материале предназначен для тренировки написания. Список включает наречия, часто употребляемые в устной и письменной речи, а также менее часто употребляемые наречия. Большинство наречий в списке – производные наречия, образованные с помощью суффикса LY.
Примеры написания в данном материале разделены на три основные группы: (1) примеры простых, производных и сложных наречий; (2) примеры того, как суффикс LY прибавляется к конечным согласным и гласным; (3) примеры наречий, в которых суффикс LY прибавляется к основным суффиксам прилагательных. Типичные примеры образования даны перед каждой группой наречий.
Образование, типы, значения и употребление наречий описываются в статье "Adverbs" в разделе Miscellany. Правила прибавления суффиксов описываются в статье "Adding Suffixes" в разделе Writing.
far, fast, hard, here, high, left, low, near, right, straight, there, well, wrong;
ever, just, late, long, never, now, often, seldom, soon, then; once, twice;
less, little, more, much, still, yet; again, enough, further;
how, when, where, why; even, hence, quite, rather, so, though, too, very.
loudly, quietly, deeply, kindly, quickly, clearly, cruelly, suddenly, honestly, simply;
nicely, rarely, sincerely, definitely, extremely, politely, truly, freely, slowly, highly;
probably, possibly, finally, specially, historically, instantly, silently, carefully, carelessly;
approximately, regularly, surprisingly, undoubtedly, selfishly, seriously, positively, easily.
Suffixes WARD, WARDS:
Note: Usually WARD in adverbs in AmE.
afterward, afterwards; backward, backwards; downward, downwards; forward, forwards; inward, inwards; onward, onwards; outward, outwards; upward, upwards;
eastward, eastwards; northward, northwards; southward, southwards; westward, westwards; homeward, homewards; seaward, seawards; skyward, skywards.
Note: Adjectives with WARD (without final "s"): backward, downward, forward, inward, outward, eastward, etc.
Suffix WAYS: always, edgeways (also edgewise), sideways.
Suffix WISE: clockwise, edgewise, likewise; anticlockwise, counterclockwise.
Note: Adjectives with WAYS and WISE: clockwise, sideways; anticlockwise, counterclockwise.
today, tonight, tomorrow, yesterday; almost, already, always; alone, together;
also, besides, moreover, furthermore, however, nevertheless; indeed, maybe, perhaps;
somewhere, sometimes, sometime, somewhat, somehow, someday;
anywhere, anytime, anyway; everywhere, nowhere; whenever, wherever;
inside, outside; downstairs, upstairs.
far, fast, hard, high, late, left, little, long, low, near, nearby, right, straight, wrong;
daily, hourly, monthly, nightly, weekly, yearly; early, kindly, deadly, likely, lowly, only, sickly;
alone, sometime, backward, eastward (upward, etc.), further, clockwise, sideways.
back, by, down, in, off, on, out, over, through, under, up;
about, above, across, ahead, along, apart, around, aside, away, behind, below.
(Read about prepositions and postpositions in Phrasal Verbs Introduction in the section Idioms.)
at present; at noon; at last; at first; at least; at once; by far; by the way;
by now; so far; up to now; until recently; ever since; since yesterday;
for a while; for a long time; every day; in a minute; in a few days;
this year; this morning; next week; next Monday; last week; last year;
an hour ago; a long time ago; two years ago; in the past; in the evening.
Example of formation: sad (adjective) – sadly (adverb).
badly, gladly, madly, sadly, broadly, deadly, oddly, loudly, proudly, hardly;
blindly, kindly, mildly, wildly, boldly, coldly, fondly, faintly, promptly;
greatly, hotly, neatly, quietly, sweetly, partly, shortly, smartly, curtly;
mostly, softly, swiftly, strictly, exactly, brightly, lightly, nightly, rightly, slightly, tightly;
calmly, dimly, firmly, warmly, keenly, meanly, mainly, plainly, vainly, only, thinly, blankly, frankly, strongly, wrongly;
briefly, chiefly, stiffly, aptly, cheaply, deeply, sharply, darkly, briskly, meekly, weakly, weekly;
freshly, harshly, monthly, smoothly, quickly, sickly, thickly, richly, roughly, toughly;
clearly, dearly, early, fairly, hourly, nearly, poorly, queerly, sourly, yearly.
Examples of formation: cool (adjective) – coolly (adverb); full (adjective) – fully (adverb).
cruel (adj.) – cruelly (adv.); cool – coolly; civil – civilly;
level (adj.) – levelly (adv.); tranquil – tranquilly;
dull (adj.) – dully (adv.); full – fully; shrill – shrilly.
Example of formation: brave (adjective) – bravely (adverb).
bravely, gravely, safely, lately, mutely, rudely, likely, widely;
finely, sanely, solely, gamely, lamely, namely, tamely; insanely;
closely, falsely, loosely, tensely, coarsely, hoarsely; nicely, fiercely, scarcely;
largely, hugely, strangely, savagely; wisely; unwisely;
barely, merely, purely, rarely, sorely, squarely, surely.
Note: due (adj.) – duly (adv.); true – truly; whole – wholly.
Example of formation: simple (adjective) – simply (adverb).
able (adj.) – ably (adv.); stable – stably; feeble – feebly; noble – nobly;
humble (adj.) – humbly (adv.); nimble – nimbly; double – doubly;
ample (adj.) – amply (adv.); simple – simply;
gentle (adj.) – gently (adv.); subtle – subtly; idle – idly.
Note: supple (adj.) – supplely (adv.).
lowly, slowly, hollowly, mellowly, narrowly, shallowly;
newly; freely; highly; thoroughly;
dryly, shyly, slyly, spryly, wryly; daily; gaily; coyly;
angrily, easily, happily, luckily. (See "Suffix LY after the suffix Y" at the end of this material.)
Note: Adverbs with LY after ILE and LY are listed mostly in American dictionaries. (Наречия с LY после ILE и LY приводятся в основном в американских словарях.)
Example of formation: hostile (adjective) – hostilely (adverb).
agile (adj.) – agilely (adv.); docile – docilely; fragile – fragilely;
futile (adj.) – futilely (adv.); hostile – hostilely; juvenile – juvenilely.
Example of formation: ugly (adjective) – uglily (adverb).
friendly (adj.) – friendlily (adv.); lively – livelily; lonely – lonelily;
silly (adj.) – sillily (adv.); surly – surlily; ugly – uglily.
bitterly, cleverly, eagerly, formerly, gingerly, properly, quarterly, soberly, tenderly, utterly; improperly; somberly (AmE), sombrely (BrE);
evenly, openly, solemnly, suddenly, sullenly, commonly, stubbornly, certainly; brazenly, brokenly, drunkenly, mistakenly;
earnestly, honestly, modestly, perfectly, secretly; correctly, directly, discreetly, distinctly, succinctly; explicitly, implicitly;
dishonestly, immodestly, imperfectly, uncommonly, unevenly, uncertainly; incorrectly, indirectly, indiscreetly;
acidly, avidly, candidly, morbidly, placidly, rapidly, rigidly, solidly, splendidly, stupidly, timidly, validly, vividly;
awkwardly, inwardly, outwardly, straightforwardly; weirdly; absurdly, abruptly, superbly; haphazardly;
definitely, infinitely, exquisitely, resolutely; cutely, acutely, absolutely; tritely;
completely, concretely, politely, remotely; indefinitely; impolitely, incompletely;
genuinely; divinely, routinely, serenely, obscenely; extremely, supremely, sublimely;
conversely, immensely, intensely, morosely, concisely, precisely; purposely;
austerely, entirely, maturely, securely, severely, sincerely; immaturely, insecurely, insincerely;
awesomely, gruesomely, handsomely, loathsomely, tiresomely, wholesomely;
brusquely, grotesquely, uniquely; vaguely.
Note: Lists of adjectives with suffixes can be found in List of Derivative Adjectives in the section Writing.
Example of formation: probable (adjective) – probably (adverb).
capably, notably, palpably, probably, suitably; favorably, honorably (AmE); favourably, honourably (BrE);
admirably, amiably, amicably, arguably, comfortably, enviably, fashionably, formidably, hospitably;
miserably, noticeably, pleasurably, preferably, profitably, questionably, reasonably, reputably, tolerably;
acceptably, agreeably, dependably, despicably, enjoyably, excusably, impeccably, irritably, predictably, presumably, regrettably, reliably, remarkably, respectably;
abominably, appreciably, considerably; interchangeably, understandably;
disreputably, improbably, incurably, incomparably, inevitably, inexplicably, inhospitably, insatiably, inseparably, intolerably, invariably, irreparably;
unbearably, uncomfortably, unfavorably, unquestionably, unreasonably, unspeakably;
disagreeably, indisputably, inexcusably, irrevocably, unacceptably, unavoidably, unbelievably, uncontrollably, undeniably, unforgettably, unmistakably, unpredictably.
Example of formation: terrible (adjective) – terribly (adverb).
audibly, credibly, feasibly, horribly, legibly, plausibly, possibly, sensibly, tangibly, terribly, visibly; negligibly;
compatibly, contemptibly, ostensibly, perceptibly, responsibly; intelligibly;
illegibly, impossibly, inaudibly, incredibly, intangibly, invincibly, invisibly;
imperceptibly, incompatibly, incorrigibly, inexpressibly, irrepressibly, irresistibly, irresponsibly, unintelligibly.
Example of formation: legal (adjective) – legally (adverb).
brutally, centrally, dismally, equally, fatally, finally, formally, frugally, globally, legally, lethally, locally, loyally;
mentally, morally, mortally, neutrally, normally, orally, really, royally, rurally, totally, verbally, vitally, vocally;
cardinally, criminally, culturally, fractionally, generally, liberally, literally, nationally, naturally, optionally, personally, principally, rationally;
additionally, conditionally, conventionally, emotionally, exceptionally, intentionally, occasionally, professionally, proportionally, traditionally; internationally;
eternally, externally, ideally, internally, maniacally, originally, phenomenally;
accidentally, fundamentally, horizontally, incidentally, monumentally, noncommittally, sentimentally, unilaterally, universally; coincidentally, experimentally, temperamentally;
actually, annually, casually, gradually, manually, mutually, usually, virtually, visually; conceptually, continually, habitually, perpetually, spiritually; individually, intellectually;
abnormally, illegally, immorally, impersonally, informally, irrationally;
unnaturally, unusually; unconditionally, unintentionally, unprofessionally.
Example of formation: official (adjective) – officially (adverb).
cordially, jovially, partially, trivially; crucially, racially, socially, specially;
commercially, especially, financially, officially, provincially; artificially, superficially;
essentially, initially, potentially, substantially; confidentially, influentially, controversially;
industrially, materially, territorially; impartially, unofficially.
Example of formation: constant (adjective) – constantly (adverb).
blatantly, constantly, distantly, flagrantly, fragrantly, gallantly, instantly, pleasantly, poignantly, rampantly, vacantly;
adamantly, arrogantly, brilliantly, elegantly, hesitantly, ignorantly, militantly, nonchalantly, petulantly, radiantly, relevantly, tolerantly, vigilantly;
abundantly, defiantly, expectantly, importantly, indignantly, malignantly, redundantly, reluctantly, triumphantly;
extravagantly, exuberantly, luxuriantly, predominantly, significantly;
incessantly, inelegantly, insignificantly, irrelevantly, unpleasantly.
Example of formation: absent (adjective) – absently (adverb).
absently, ardently, currently, decently, fervently, fluently, frequently, patently, patiently, presently, prudently, recently, silently, urgently;
competently, confidently, differently, diffidently, diligently, eloquently, eminently, evidently, excellently, fraudulently;
imminently, impudently, indolently, innocently, negligently, permanently, prominently, reticently, reverently, subsequently, truculently, vehemently, violently;
intently, apparently, complacently, consistently, insistently, persistently;
conveniently, efficiently, sufficiently, intelligently, magnificently, benevolently, malevolently, obediently;
impatiently, indecently, infrequently, incompetently, indifferently, irreverently;
disobediently, inconsistently, inconveniently, independently, inefficiently, insufficiently.
Example of formation: primary (adjective) – primarily (adverb).
contrarily, primarily, arbitrarily, customarily, momentarily, necessarily;
ordinarily, solitarily, temporarily, voluntarily; extraordinarily;
Example of formation: popular (adjective) – popularly (adverb).
vulgarly, popularly, regularly, similarly, singularly;
familiarly, particularly, peculiarly, spectacularly; irregularly.
Example of formation: cursory (adjective) – cursorily (adverb).
cursorily, desultorily; peremptorily, perfunctorily;
Example of formation: accurate (adjective) – accurately (adverb).
accurately, adequately, delicately, intricately, desperately, moderately, separately;
intimately, ultimately, fortunately, obstinately, passionately, privately;
affectionately, alternately, appropriately, approximately, compassionately, considerately;
deliberately, elaborately, immediately, legitimately, proportionately;
dispassionately, inaccurately, inadequately, indelicately, unfortunately; illegitimately, inappropriately.
Example of formation: awful (adjective) – awfully (adverb).
awfully, carefully, cheerfully, doubtfully, dreadfully, faithfully, fearfully, forcefully, fretfully, frightfully, fruitfully;
gleefully, gracefully, gratefully, hatefully, healthfully, helpfully, hopefully, joyfully, lawfully, mournfully, painfully, peacefully, playfully;
rightfully, ruefully, scornfully, shamefully, skillfully (AmE), skilfully (BrE), sorrowfully, spitefully;
tactfully, tastefully, tearfully, thankfully, thoughtfully, trustfully, truthfully; willfully (AmE), wilfully (BrE), wistfully, woefully;
beautifully, dutifully, mercifully, pitifully, colorfully (AmE), colourfully (BrE), masterfully, meaningfully, powerfully, purposefully, wonderfully;
deceitfully, delightfully, disdainfully, forgetfully, regretfully, remorsefully, reproachfully, resentfully, resourcefully, respectfully, successfully;
distastefully, distrustfully, mistrustfully, ungratefully, unlawfully, untruthfully; disrespectfully, unsuccessfully.
Examples of formation: basic (adjective) – basically (adverb); athletic (adjective) – athletically (adverb).
Examples of formation: physical (adjective) – physically (adverb); critical (adjective) – critically (adverb).
Note: public (adj.) – publicly (adv.).
allegorically, alphabetically, analogically, analytically, angelically, apathetically, apologetically, archaeologically, archaically, arithmetically, astronomically, athletically, authentically, automatically;
basically, biographically, biologically, bureaucratically, catastrophically, categorically, chemically, chronically, chronologically, classically, comically, critically, cryptically, cynically;
democratically, despotically, diagnostically, diplomatically, dogmatically, domestically, dramatically, drastically, dynamically;
eccentrically, ecologically, economically, ecstatically, electrically, electronically, emphatically, energetically, enigmatically, enthusiastically, episodically, erratically, ethically, ethnically, exotically;
fanatically, fantastically, frantically, geographically, geometrically, gigantically, grammatically, graphically;
hectically, heroically, historically, hypnotically, hypocritically, hypothetically, hysterically;
identically, ideologically, idiomatically, idiotically, idyllically, intrinsically, ironically, lackadaisically, laconically, lexically, logically, lyrically;
magically, magnetically, majestically, mathematically, mechanically, medically, methodically, microscopically, musically, mystically, mythically;
neurotically, nonsensically, nostalgically, numerically, optically, organically;
paradoxically, parasitically, parenthetically, pathetically, pathologically, patriotically, pedantically, periodically, philosophically, phlegmatically, phonetically, photographically, physically;
platonically, pneumatically, poetically, polemically, politically, practically, pragmatically, problematically, prolifically, prosaically, psychically, psychologically, publicly, puritanically;
quizzically, radically, rhetorically, romantically, rhythmically;
sarcastically, sardonically, satirically, schematically, scientifically, skeptically (AmE), sceptically (BrE), specifically, sporadically, statically, stoically, strategically, surgically, symbolically, symmetrically, sympathetically, syntactically, systematically;
tactically, technically, technologically, theatrically, theoretically, terrifically, topically, tragically, traumatically, typically, typographically, tyrannically, vertically, whimsically;
asymmetrically, illogically, unenthusiastically, unethically.
Example of formation: fatalistic (adjective) – fatalistically (adverb).
Example of formation: statistical (adjective) – statistically (adverb).
altruistically, antagonistically, artistically, characteristically, chauvinistically, egoistically, egotistically, euphemistically;
fatalistically, idealistically, individualistically, linguistically, logistically, materialistically, moralistically;
nationalistically, optimistically, pessimistically, realistically, sadistically, statistically, surrealistically, unrealistically.
Example of formation: interesting (adjective) – interestingly (adverb).
achingly, charmingly, cunningly, fittingly, fleetingly, hauntingly, jokingly, knowingly, longingly, lovingly, mockingly;
piercingly, pleadingly, pleasingly, seemingly, shockingly, smilingly, soothingly, sparingly, strikingly, temptingly, thrillingly, trustingly, willingly;
comfortingly, frighteningly, interestingly, maddeningly, menacingly, promisingly, questioningly, threateningly, wonderingly; fascinatingly, irritatingly, suffocatingly;
accordingly, accusingly, admiringly, adoringly, alarmingly, amazingly, amusingly, annoyingly, appallingly, appealingly, approvingly, astoundingly, confusingly, convincingly;
depressingly, despairingly, disgustingly, exceedingly, excitingly, forbiddingly, increasingly, inquiringly, insultingly, invitingly, refreshingly, surprisingly;
astonishingly, disparagingly, embarrassingly, encouragingly, infuriatingly;
condescendingly, correspondingly, outstandingly, overwhelmingly, reassuringly, understandingly;
pityingly; gratifyingly, satisfyingly, terrifyingly; breathtakingly, heartbreakingly, painstakingly;
disarmingly, disquietingly, misleadingly; disappointingly, disapprovingly;
unerringly, unflinchingly, unknowingly, unsmilingly, unwillingly, unwittingly;
unbelievingly, unconvincingly; uncomprehendingly, uncompromisingly.
Example of formation: interested (adjective) – interestedly (adverb).
crookedly, dazedly, doggedly, fixedly, heatedly, hurriedly, markedly, nakedly;
pointedly, raggedly, sacredly, tiredly, wickedly, worriedly, wretchedly; interestedly, animatedly;
admittedly, allegedly, amusedly, assuredly, belatedly, bemusedly, composedly, conceitedly, concernedly, confusedly, contentedly;
decidedly, delightedly, disgustedly, devotedly, excitedly, repeatedly, reportedly, reputedly, resignedly, supposedly;
absent-mindedly, good-humoredly (AmE), good-humouredly (BrE), good-naturedly, wholeheartedly;
disinterestedly, distractedly, undoubtedly, unhurriedly;
disappointedly, unconcernedly, unexpectedly, unreservedly.
Example of formation: foolish (adjective) – foolishly (adverb).
feverishly, fiendishly, foolishly, freakishly, garishly, hellishly, impishly;
lavishly, nightmarishly, owlishly, peevishly, pettishly, prudishly, roguishly;
selfishly, sheepishly, sluggishly, snobbishly, squeamishly, stylishly, waspishly;
boyishly, childishly, girlishly; coquettishly; unselfishly.
Example of formation: active (adjective) – actively (adverb).
actively, passively, massively, pensively, furtively, natively; negatively, positively, primitively, relatively, secretively, sensitively, tentatively; figuratively, qualitatively, quantitatively;
attentively, attractively, creatively, collectively, selectively, deceptively, perceptively, defectively, effectively, objectively, subjectively, protectively, respectively, suggestively;
constructively, destructively, productively, seductively, contrastively, exhaustively, descriptively, prescriptively, distinctively, instinctively, restrictively, vindictively;
affirmatively, alternatively, appreciatively, attributively, authoritatively, comparatively, competitively, consecutively, conservatively, demonstratively;
illustratively, imaginatively, imperatively, indicatively, informatively, inquisitively, intuitively, prohibitively, provocatively, repetitively, superlatively; interrogatively, retrospectively;
abrasively, abusively, evasively, elusively, compulsively, impulsively, repulsively, decisively, defensively, offensively, conclusively, exclusively, inclusively, expensively, explosively, extensively, intensively, obtrusively, persuasively, pervasively, responsively;
depressively, expressively, impressively, oppressively, obsessively, possessively, excessively, permissively, submissively, aggressively, progressively, regressively; apprehensively, comprehensively;
impassively, inactively, inattentively, indecisively, ineffectively, inexpensively, inoffensively, insensitively; unattractively, unobtrusively, unproductively.
Example of formation: aimless (adjective) – aimlessly (adverb).
aimlessly, artlessly, blamelessly, boundlessly, breathlessly, carelessly, ceaselessly, colorlessly;
dauntlessly, effortlessly, endlessly, faultlessly, fearlessly, flawlessly, fruitlessly; expressionlessly;
gracelessly, guilelessly, harmlessly, heartlessly, helplessly, hopelessly, humorlessly, joylessly;
lawlessly, lifelessly, limitlessly, listlessly, meaninglessly, mercilessly, mindlessly, motionlessly, needlessly, noiselessly;
painlessly, pitilessly, pointlessly, powerlessly, purposelessly, recklessly, restlessly, ruthlessly; relentlessly, remorselessly;
seamlessly, selflessly, senselessly, shamelessly, soundlessly, speechlessly, spotlessly;
tactlessly, tastelessly, thanklessly, thoughtlessly, timelessly, tirelessly, uselessly, voicelessly, wordlessly, worthlessly.
Example of formation: nervous (adjective) – nervously (adverb).
callously, famously, jealously, grievously, lustrously, monstrously, nervously, piously, pompously, raucously, zealously;
amorously, blasphemously, boisterously, credulously, dangerously, frivolously, generously, glamorously, hazardously, humorously;
ludicrously, luminously, marvelously (AmE), marvellously (BrE), mischievously, murderously, numerously;
ominously, onerously, perilously, poisonously, posthumously, ravenously, rigorously, riotously, ruinously;
scandalously, scrupulously, synchronously, thunderously, treacherously, venomously, vigorously;
disastrously, enormously, horrendously, stupendously, tremendously; intravenously;
adventurously, analogously, anomalously, anonymously, autonomously, magnanimously, meticulously, miraculously, monotonously;
preposterously, ridiculously, synonymously, unanimously; incredulously, unscrupulously.
Example of formation: gorgeous (adjective) – gorgeously (adverb).
gorgeously, righteously; hideously, piteously; self-righteously;
courageously, outrageously, erroneously, spontaneously;
advantageously, homogeneously, instantaneously, miscellaneously, simultaneously.
Example of formation: curious (adjective) – curiously (adverb).
anxiously, cautiously, consciously, graciously, lusciously, viciously; self-consciously;
copiously, curiously, deviously, dubiously, enviously, furiously, gloriously, obviously, odiously, previously, seriously, studiously, tediously, variously;
ambitiously, fictitiously, infectiously, pretentiously; conscientiously, ostentatiously, surreptitiously; religiously, contagiously, prestigiously;
audaciously, capriciously, deliciously, ferociously, maliciously, suspiciously, voraciously, obnoxiously; avariciously;
deliriously, hilariously, illustriously, imperiously, industriously, laboriously, luxuriously, mysteriously, notoriously, victoriously;
fastidiously, ingeniously, melodiously, harmoniously, obliviously, rebelliously; ceremoniously;
unconsciously, ungraciously, unceremoniously, unpretentiously.
Example of formation: contemptuous (adjective) – contemptuously (adverb).
arduously, strenuously, tenuously, virtuously;
ambiguously, conspicuously, contemptuously, continuously;
impetuously, presumptuously, superfluously;
incongruously, inconspicuously, unambiguously.
Example of formation: happy (adjective) – happily (adverb).
Note: eerie (adj.) – eerily (adv.).
airily, angrily, craftily, daintily, dirtily, dreamily, eerily, emptily;
fancily, faultily, filthily, foggily, giddily, greedily, gloomily, grumpily, guiltily, icily;
happily, hastily, haughtily, healthily, heartily, heavily, hungrily, huskily; jumpily;
loftily, luckily, merrily, mightily, moodily, nastily, naughtily, pettily, prettily, readily, racily, riskily;
scantily, saucily, shabbily, shakily, sleepily, sloppily, speedily, steadily, stealthily, stonily, sturdily, sulkily, sunnily;
tastily, testily, thirstily, thriftily, tidily, touchily, wearily, wittily, worthily;
busily, clumsily, cozily, crazily, dizzily, drowsily, easily, hazily, lazily, noisily, queasily;
uneasily, unhappily, unhealthily, unsteadily, untidily.