Jobs and Professions


president; vice-president; director; manager;

executive officer; CEO (chief executive officer; company executive officer);

deputy director; managing director; financial director; marketing director;

general manager; assistant manager; manager; production manager;

personnel manager; marketing manager; sales manager; project manager;

supervisor; inspector; controller;

Office workers

office worker; office employee; office clerk;

filing clerk; receptionist; secretary; assistant;

typist; stenographer;

Banking and financial activities

banker; bank officer; economist; auditor;

accountant; bookkeeper; teller; cashier; bank clerk;

financier; treasurer; investor; sponsor;

stockbroker; pawnbroker; tax collector;

Sales and stores

sales representative; sales manager;

salesperson; salesman; saleswoman; salesgirl; salesclerk; cashier;

seller; buyer; wholesale buyer; wholesaler; retailer;

merchant; distributor; dealer; trader; advertising agent;

grocer; greengrocer; baker; butcher; florist;


doctor; physician; family doctor; general practitioner;

eye specialist; ear specialist; throat specialist; heart specialist;

cardiologist; surgeon; pediatrician; psychiatrist; psychoanalyst;

dentist; dietitian; pharmacist; veterinarian;

nurse; paramedic; nurse's aide;

School and college

principal; dean; professor; teacher; instructor;

schoolteacher; college teacher; university teacher;

head teacher; senior teacher; tutor; mentor; counselor (BrE: counsellor);

teacher of mathematics; mathematics teacher; math teacher (BrE: maths teacher);

English teacher; teacher of English; history teacher; music teacher;

student; pupil; learner;


scientist; scholar; researcher; explorer; inventor;

mathematician; physicist; chemist; biologist; botanist; zoologist;

historian; archaeologist; geologist; psychologist; sociologist;

economist; linguist; astronomer; philosopher; geographer;

IT specialists

computer specialist; computer programmer; computer operator;

software specialist; systems analyst; systems administrator;

web developer; web programmer; webmaster; web designer;

Art and creative work

artist; painter; sculptor; architect; composer; conductor;

musician; pianist; violinist; guitarist; drummer; player;

singer; dancer; opera singer; ballet dancer; performer;

film director; producer; art director; cameraman; actor; actress; player;

writer; poet; author; playwright; dramatist; scenarist; publisher;

journalist; reporter; correspondent; photographer;

designer; fashion designer; dress designer;

interior designer; furniture designer; graphic designer;

Construction, repair, maintenance

builder; construction worker; developer; contractor;

engineer; technician; mechanic; electrical engineer; electrician;

welder; bricklayer; mason; carpenter; plumber; painter; decorator;

repairer; repairman; maintenance man; handyman; caretaker;

housekeeper; cleaning lady; cleaning woman; janitor;

Pilots, drivers, crew members

pilot; flight engineer; flight navigator; flight attendant; stewardess;

dispatcher; mechanic; car mechanic; railroad worker; railway worker;

driver; chauffeur; taxi driver, cabdriver; bus driver; truck driver;

captain; skipper; navigator; sailor;

Law and order

judge; lawyer; attorney; legal adviser; barrister; solicitor;

police officer; policeman; traffic officer; detective;

guard; bodyguard; lifeguard; warden; prison guard;


chef; head cook; cook;

maitre d'hotel (maitre d'); headwaiter; waiter; waitress;

bartender; barman; barmaid;

dishwasher; busboy;


firefighter, fireman; tailor; seamstress; postman, mailman;

travel agent; travel guide; model; politician; porter;

editor; proofreader; printer; translator; interpreter; librarian;

jeweler (BrE: jeweller); telephone operator; coal miner;

farmer; farm worker; fisherman; hunter; forester; gardener;

hairdresser; hair stylist; barber; beautician; cosmetologist;

specialist; expert; consultant; adviser; priest; clergyman;

Places of work

office; agency; company; firm; corporation; business firm; enterprise;

plant; factory; restaurant; department store; bank; hospital; hotel;

school; university; library; theater; museum; art gallery;

transportation company; shipping company; construction company;

publishing company; film company; insurance company;

advertising agency; travel agency; rental agency;

Related terms

to look for a job; to find a job; to apply for a job; to get a job;

to offer a job; to hire; to be hired; to fire; to be fired; to be laid off;

to lose one's job; to quit; to quit one's job; to leave; to resign; to retire;

employment; unemployment; unemployed; jobless; job seeker;

letter of application for a job; resume; CV; job interview;

work agreement; contract; employer; employee; co-worker; promotion;

Describing a job

a job in electronics; a teaching job; a position as secretary;

an interesting job; a boring job; a good job; a difficult job; a challenging job;

a well-paid job; a highly paid job; a low-paid job; a badly paid job;

a full-time job; a part-time job; a permanent job; a stable job; a temporary job;

to work full-time; to work part-time; to have a part-time job;

to be on the staff; a staff of ten workers; a staff member; a member of staff;

to work overtime; to work on weekdays; to work on Saturdays; a day off;

Describing workers

worker, employee, workman, laborer (BrE: labourer);

skilled workers; unskilled workers; qualified workers; experienced workers;

a full-time worker; a part-time worker; a temporary worker; a freelance worker;

seasonal workers; manual workers; blue-collar workers; white-collar workers;

Pay, taxes, benefits

pay; wages; salary; earnings; fee; bonus; tips; income; payday; payment;

to be paid by the hour; to be paid by the month; to earn (to get, to make) money;

monthly pay; weekly pay; hourly pay; yearly pay; annual pay;

monthly salary; yearly salary; annual salary; salaried workers;

weekly wages; hourly wage; minimum wages; low wages; high wages;

gross pay; net pay; take-home pay; overtime pay; severance pay;

gross earnings; net earnings; average earnings; annual earnings;

taxes; expenses; deductions; dues; fine; penalty; compensation;

fringe benefits; sick leave; maternity leave; holiday; vacation; pension plan;

medical insurance; health insurance; accident insurance; life insurance;

Pay: Examples in sentences

She gets ten dollars an hour. She is paid ten dollars an hour. Her hourly pay is ten dollars.

He gets two thousand dollars a month. His monthly pay is two thousand dollars. His monthly salary is two thousand dollars.

They get twenty-three thousand dollars a year. Their annual pay is $23,000.

His salary is thirty-four thousand dollars a year. His salary is $34,000 a year.

He earns thirty thousand dollars a year. He earned twenty thousand dollars last year by writing short stories. She earns two thousand a month.

How much do you earn? How much did you get last year? How much does he make?

Related phrases

What do you do? What business are you in?

I am a teacher. I am a car dealer. I am a freelance writer.

I am a sales representative. I sell computers.

I work as a psychologist. I work as a stockbroker.

I work at a bank. I work at a small travel agency.

I work at a hotel. I work at a transportation company.

I work for a newspaper. I work for a film company.

I am in real estate. I am in advertising.

I have a small business of my own.

I am a homemaker. I work at home.

I am unemployed at the moment. I am looking for a job right now.

I am looking for a job in marketing. I am looking for a job as a driver.

I am seeking a position as librarian. I am seeking a position as office clerk.

He is looking for a place as a housekeeper. She is looking for a place as a cook.

I'd like to apply for a job. I'd like to apply for the position of shop assistant.

He was offered the position of salesclerk. She has a position as cashier.

Note: work, labor, job, position, profession, occupation

work (работа, труд любого характера) – hard work; easy work; manual work; physical work; intellectual work. I have a lot of work today. He is at work now. My work is very interesting. What work do you do?

labor, BrE labour (труд, работа, тяжёлый труд) – manual labor; physical labor. Manual labor is hard and tiring.

job (работа, должность, оплачиваемый наёмный труд) – He lost his job last month. Do you like your new job? She wants to change her job.

position (положение, должность, место) – How long did you work in your previous position?

profession (профессия) – The profession of a doctor requires a lot of training. He is a lawyer by profession.

occupation (занятие, профессия) – Write your name, age and occupation on this line. What is his occupation? What is your favorite occupation? – Reading.

Note: Names of jobs and professions are usually formed with the help of the suffixes ER, OR, IAN, IST, ANT, ENT. Often, names of jobs and professions are compound nouns, and some of them may have variants of spelling.

(See List of Nouns with Suffixes in the section Writing and Stress in Compound Words in the section Phonetics.)

Related materials: About Myself in the section Phrases; Typical Day in the section Vocabulary.