This material contains a list of topically grouped proper names, such as names of schools, organizations, companies, buildings, places of interest, awards, nationalities, illustrating the use of articles.
Этот материал содержит тематически сгруппированные имена собственные, такие как названия школ, организаций, компаний, зданий, достопримечательностей, наград, национальностей, иллюстрирующие употребление артиклей.
Lincoln Elementary School, Ford High School;
Amherst College, Barnard College, Boston College, Teachers College;
Cambridge University, Chicago State University, Columbia University, Harvard University, London University, Moscow State University, Ohio State University, Oxford University, Princeton University, Rockefeller University, Stanford University, Yale University.
But: the George Washington University, the John Hopkins University, the Sorbonne.
the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the University of Chicago, the State University of New York, the City University of New York;
the Harvard School of Business, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, the Juilliard School of Music, the Mayo School of Medicine;
the College of William and Mary, the College of the Holy Cross;
the Royal Academy of Art, the National Academy of Sciences, the U.S. Military Academy.
the United Nations (the UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO);
the Congress of the United States (but: Congress), the Senate, the House of Representatives;
the Parliament of Great Britain (but: Parliament), the House of Commons, the House of Lords;
the European Parliament, the British Parliament, the Irish Parliament, the Swedish Parliament;
the Reagan Administration (but: Reagan's Administration), the Bush Administration (but: Bush's Administration);
the Finance Committee, the Judiciary Committee, the Department of Commerce,
the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (the FBI);
the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, the Socialist Party;
the Canadian Library Association, the Teachers' Association, the National Basketball Association (the NBA), the American Automobile Association (the AAA);
the Ford Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, the International Monetary Fund (the IMF), the World Wildlife Fund (the WWF);
the Kennel Club, the Cotton Club, the Rotary Club, the nuclear club.
Ford, General Motors, International Business Machines (IBM), Microsoft, Mitsubishi, Samsung Electronics, Citibank, Time Warner Inc., British Telecom, McDonald's, Sears, Procter and Gamble, Estee Lauder Inc.
the Ford Motor Company, the Mitsubishi Manufacturing Company, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the World Bank, the Bank of New York.
the Louvre Museum, the British Museum, the Vatican Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Prado Museum, the Hermitage (Museum), the Pushkin Museum, the Historical Museum;
the National Gallery, the Tate Gallery, the Tretyakov Gallery;
the Washington Monument, the Lincoln Memorial, the Statue of Liberty, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier;
the Pyramids, the Colosseum / the Coliseum, the Parthenon, the Taj Mahal, the Kremlin, the Great Wall of China;
the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris, the Cathedral of Saint Basil;
the Palace of Versailles, the Palace of Heavenly Purity, the Forbidden City.
Stonehenge, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Palace;
Saint Peter's Basilica, Saint Paul's Cathedral, Canterbury Cathedral, Westminster Abbey.
Carnegie Hall, City Hall, Avery Fisher Hall, Radio City Music Hall;
Rockefeller Center, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Epcot Center.
the Royal Albert Hall, the John Hancock Center, the Kennedy Center of the Performing Arts, the Kennedy Space Center, the Civic Center.
the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, the Seagram Building, the Capitol (Building);
the Houses of Parliament, the Sydney Opera House, the Metropolitan Opera House;
the Sears Tower, the Eiffel Tower, the Tower of London, the Leaning Tower of Pisa;
the Bolshoi Theatre, the Moscow Art Theatre, the Apollo Theater;
the Library of Congress, the New York Public Library, the British Library, the Bibliotheque Nationale, the Lenin Library.
Gorky Park, Central Park, Hyde Park, Yellowstone National Park, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Grand Canyon National Park;
Disney World, Disneyland, Europa Park;
Saint Peter's Square, Red Square, Trafalgar Square, Times Square, Union Square, Harvard Square.
But: the Cathedral Square.
the Botanical Gardens, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, the Longwood Gardens, the Montreal Botanical Garden, the Arnold Arboretum, Tivoli / the Tivoli Gardens.
the Brooklyn Bridge, the George Washington Bridge, the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, the Golden Gate Bridge, the Albert Bridge.
London Bridge, Tower Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Westminster Bridge.
Heathrow Airport, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Schiphol Airport, Frankfurt International Airport, Hong Kong International Airport, Kennedy Airport.
the John F. Kennedy International Airport, the Los Angeles International Airport, the Sheremetyevo International Airport.
the Hilton Hotel, the Sheraton Hotel, the Plaza, the Hotel California, the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, the Ambassador Hotel.
The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, The Boston Globe, The Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, The Observer.
the Los Angeles Times, the Financial Times, the New York Post, the Daily News, the Chicago Tribune, the San Francisco Chronicle.
But: USA Today.
Newsweek, Time, Reader's Digest, National Geographic, Sports Illustrated, PC World, Classic Rock, Mad.
Good Housekeeping, Better Homes and Gardens, Harper's Bazaar, Canadian Living, Cosmopolitan, Vogue.
But: The New Yorker, The Economist.
The definite article is part of the name: The New York Times. The definite article is not part of the name: the Los Angeles Times.
the Washington Summit, the Moscow Summit, the Yalta Conference;
the Charter of the United Nations / the UN Charter, the Helsinki Accords, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States / the U.S. Constitution, the Bill of Rights;
the Truman Doctrine (but: Truman's program).
the Nobel Prize, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the Nobel Prize in Literature, the Nobel Prize for Peace;
the Pulitzer Prize, the Pulitzer Prize for Music;
the Academy Awards, the Academy Award for Best Actor, the Grammy Award, the Tony Awards;
the Order of Suvorov, the Order of the Red Banner, the Order of Friendship, the Medal for Valour.
the + name of the award = the name of the award. Examples: Max Planck received the Nobel Prize for physics in 1918. Bertrand Russell received the 1950 Nobel Prize for literature. Oliver Stone received the Academy Award for best screenplay in 1978.
a/an + name of the award = one of such awards. Examples: Mary Pickford received a special Academy Award in 1976. Jack Nicholson won an Academy Award for best actor for his performance in the film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
Christmas, Christmas Eve, New Year's Day, New Year's, New Year's Eve, Saint Patrick's Day, Easter, April Fools' Day, Mother's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Halloween, All Saints' Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Mardi Gras.
But: the Fourth of July, the Cherry Festival, the Jazz Festival.
German, Italian, Russian, Korean, English, Spanish, Danish, Swedish, Polish, French, Dutch, Arabic, Greek, Chinese, Japanese, Hindi, Latin;
British English, American English, Australian English, Canadian English.
But: the English language, the French language, the Russian language, the Arabic language, the Chinese language, the Greek language.
Examples: Canada has two official languages, English and French. Do you speak Spanish? Diana is studying the history of the English language.
an American, a Belgian, a Canadian, a German, an Italian, a Mexican, a Russian, a Californian, a Texan;
an Englishman, an Englishwoman, an Irishman, an Irishwoman, a Frenchman, a Dutchman;
a Greek, a Spaniard, an Arab, a Dane, a Swede, a Finn, a Pole, a Turk, an Israeli, a Swiss, a Chinese, a Japanese, a Portuguese, a Vietnamese.
a Bostonian, a Parisian, a Chicagoan, a Londoner, a New Yorker, a Los Angeleno, a Denverite.
Examples: There are two Mexicans, a Greek, and a Chinese in Tom's class. Article the (if specific): Juan is the Mexican I told you about.
Europeans, Africans, Asians, Australians, Americans, North Americans, South Americans, Latin Americans, Hispanic Americans, African Americans, Chinese Americans;
Belgians, Canadians, French Canadians, Germans, Italians, Russians, Ukrainians, Englishmen, Irishmen, Frenchmen, Californians, Texans;
Bostonians, Parisians, Chicagoans, Londoners, New Yorkers, Los Angelenos, Denverites.
Examples: French Canadians constitute about 80 percent of the population of Quebec. Germans and Norwegians began to settle in Minnesota in the 19th century. Italians love festivals.
the Arabs, the Danes, the Swedes, the Finns, the Greeks, the Poles, the Turks, the Israelis, the Italians, the Russians.
Examples: The Danes constitute about 95 percent of the population of Denmark. The Italians were the first nation in Europe to develop nutritious and tasty cuisine that required little cooking time.
Meaning: the British = the British people, the Chinese = the Chinese people.
the British, the English, the Irish, the Spanish, the French, the Dutch, the Swiss;
the Chinese, the Japanese, the Lebanese, the Portuguese, the Vietnamese.
Examples: The French started to settle in Quebec in the 17th century. New York was settled by the Dutch in the 17th century. The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the French people to the American people.
BE + adjective, No article: Alicia is Spanish. Anthony is English. Karen is German. Takeshi is Japanese. Gabrielle and Gaston are French. Olga, Tanya, and Ivan are Russian.
Karen is from Germany. John is from Ireland. Tom is from the United States. Kevin is from Texas. Gabrielle and Gaston are from France. I'm from Russia.
Alice is from Boston. Marie is from Paris. Oleg is from Minsk. I'm from Moscow.
Alicia is Spanish. Giuseppe is Italian. Andre is French. Mary and John are Irish. Mr. and Mrs. Suzuki are Japanese. I'm Russian.